Opportunities and Challenges Faced by Regenerated Chemical Fiber Industry under New Situation Recycling fiber industry faces the environment and the status quo (a) from the macro environment. The slowdown in China's industrial growth (the investment, consumption, and exports of troika pulls are all decelerating), especially demand, sustained by the continuing downturn in the international market (mainly the financial crisis in developed countries such as Europe and the United States, and the developing countries that have suffered riots and wars. ) Many factors, such as the short-term improvement of domestic demand in the short-term, have also brought about pressures for the survival of enterprises. At the same time, during the 12th Five-Year Plan period, labor costs will increase at a rate of about 15% per year. In addition, factors such as tight credit, rising costs, rising utility costs and freight rates, and exchange rates can also adversely affect the company’s production and operations. In addition, the shift of low-end industries in our country to Southeast Asian countries has also been one of the reasons for pressure on companies.

(b) From the micro-environment. As far as the company itself is concerned, because the vast majority of companies lack their own core competitiveness, this is because China's textile and chemical fiber companies have long lacked brand awareness, resulting in insufficient product innovation capability, and the product brand value is not high enough to withstand the deteriorating external environment. . Coupled with the small difference in textile companies and the limited differentiation in innovation, the industry has not established brand products that dominate the industry, which means that the distribution channels of products are the key. For the new company, the channel resources are far inferior to the original ones and the competitiveness is insufficient. In addition, the price fluctuations of the raw materials in the previous period are large, which increases the purchasing risk. Judging from the largest industrial base of regenerative spinning in our country and the most concentrated Jiangyin area of ​​industrial clusters, the industry’s cultivating type was seen in the fourth quarter of 2011 and the second quarter of 2012, when inspections and suspensions of production generally exceeded 50%. The development of extensive, homogeneous, and low value has come to an end.

(c) From the perspective of the international competitive environment. Since 2011, China has suffered a total of 8 trade frictions, involving 2.28 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 80% year-on-year. China has been the country with the greatest number of trade frictions for 17 years in succession, and the forms of trade frictions have been continuously refurbished, the industries involved have been expanding, and the countries that have initiated have also been increasing. Some countries are still subject to issues such as intellectual property rights and exchange rates. Entangling and struggling with our country. According to data released by the Global Trade Early Warning Organization recently, China is the world’s country that has suffered the most harm from trade protection measures. Statistics show that in the past 12 months, China’s export products have encountered more than 100 trade protection measures, and accumulated more than 600 items since 2008.

(d) From the position of the industry. Before the 1990s, our chemical fiber went with the big brothers of Europe, America, Japan, and other chemical fiber. What equipment, technology, products, and applications were developed by them? We followed our studies and followed them, but the gap was relatively large. At this time, the state of development of the industry can be described with the most vivid expression, or using the metaphor of "looking at the moon in the gap" is more appropriate. In the 21st century, with the strengthening of national strength, the government has given strong support to fiscal, taxation, land, and other production factors. Entrepreneurs have gradually become more affluent. They have also gradually increased their investment in scientific and technological research and development, and have invested in equipment, technology, products, and terminal applications. The aspect is close to the chemical fiber developed countries. At this time, the state of development of the industry and the chemical fiber giant are “similar”, and at this time, the development status of the industry is quite appropriate for the metaphor of “midnight in the court”. Our chemical fiber and its products have come to the world, and our textile machinery has also come to the world. We expect our technological R&D services will also go global. We expect China's renewable chemical fiber industry to be manufactured from China as soon as possible and toward China.

(5) Changes in production capacity and output of the recycled chemical fiber industry.

Since 2002, due to cheap raw materials and high profits, large-scale production and expansion of varieties can reduce costs and create brand effects. China's recycled polyester industry has expanded rapidly and has entered a period of rapid growth in capacity expansion and technological progress. In 2002, the production capacity of recycled polyester reached 1.2 million tons/year, and it is expected that the capacity of recycled chemical fiber will exceed 8 million tons/year by the end of 2012. The average annual growth rate of recycled chemical fiber production capacity and output has remained above 12%.

Imports will begin to drop significantly in 2006, and exports will exceed imports for the first time in 2006. Imports will increase in 2009 after the financial crisis, with the exception of declines in exports. It is worth noting that exports will decline in 2012. Is this a turning point in the development of the industry? The competitive advantage of Southeast Asian chemical fiber (especially Bangladesh, Vietnam, and India) has been gradually rising. Europe and the United States have re-emphasized the traditional manufacturing industry. Turkey's unique geographical advantages, Brazil's and Mexico's geographical advantages in South America, and China's chemical fiber division. In terms of foreign trade: We must pay attention to the sudden change of the quantity of a certain type of product at a certain time period; avoid trade friction.

Challenges faced by the recycled fiber industry (1) Are there excess capacity? As textile products are mainly used for clothing and home textiles, they are mainly used for industrial applications and the amount of textile raw materials has increased dramatically. The UN predicts that the total volume of global textile fiber processing in 2050 will reach 253 million tons. Among them, 41.5 million tons of apparel textiles account for 16.4%, home textiles 41 million tons, accounting for 16.6%, and industrial textiles 170.5 million tons, accounting for 67.4%. Due to an explosive increase in population, the United Nations expects the global population to reach a record of 9.4 billion in 2050 (2011 forecast). The increase in output of natural fibers will not occur. The steady decline in output will become the main tone, and the steady growth of chemical fibers. Will become inevitable. It is predicted that fossil resources will be depleted in 2050, and 96% of the synthetic fiber industry resources based on petrochemicals must be opened up. The global waste of textile waste will reach 40 million tons/year.

(b) issues such as propaganda and awareness of the recycling industry. Publicity and education issues: The developed countries have publicized and educated the public for more than 10 years, and passed laws to certify and tag recycled products. The price of the products can be accepted by 10%-100% to increase. Safety issues: Today, renewable raw material processing and product production processes can achieve no secondary pollution. But how safe is the product application? Reliance companies have commissioned internationally renowned agencies to conduct rigorous testing: product safety performance has reached the international and national Class A safety signs.

(c) Whether raw materials will become a development bottleneck? First of all, countries in the world pay attention to renewable resources, and good raw materials will become more and more expensive. Therefore, in the short term, the raw materials imported from various countries will become worse and worse, and the quantity will become more and more tense. At present, China produces about 26 million tons of waste textiles each year, of which chemical fiber accounts for 80%, about 20.8 million tons, and natural fiber is about 5.2 million tons. In China, rural residents generally have 2 sets of used clothes each year, and there are about 3 sets of urban residents. Based on this calculation, China can produce more than 3.1 billion sets of used clothes a year. After conversion, the annual waste of textiles and clothing in China amounts to more than 1 million tons, and most of them are used as landfills and incineration, which has caused waste of resources and polluted the environment. In addition, the estimated amount of unused old clothes is 28 million tons. China is a big country in production and consumption of uniforms. Forces for military training and retired uniforms must concentrate on collecting uniforms. The pressure on stocks is increasing, which not only occupies a large amount of storage space, but also causes a huge waste of resources. Other types of uniforms (government, large-scale state-owned enterprises, schools, etc.) have solved the problem of sub-materials and sub-colors. In the long run, this is also our source of huge raw materials.

(4) Several problems existed in the comprehensive utilization of waste textiles in China.

There are generally low, small and scattered features; no industrial clusters have been formed; no backbone enterprises have participated; the industrial chain value chain has not been formed; and the social environment accepted by the government has not yet formed.

(5) The direction of the development of the industry. A large number of bottle chip processing production using physical methods. Can reduce energy consumption, reduce manufacturing costs, improve product quality; actively promote the substantial application of home textiles, industrial applications. The research and development, promotion, and finalization of large-capacity devices are certainly not suitable for large-capacity discriminative treatment of all varieties. They are different; they substantially increase the use of used clothing; it is recommended that chemical methods be used to produce iconic products.

(six) how to eliminate backward production capacity. Bottle tablet cleaning: 1 ton bottle tablet processing needs new fresh water ≥ 2 tons; new cleaning single line capacity ≤ 1 million tons/year; new chemical fiber staple fiber, filament single line capacity ≤ 1 million ton/year; spinning box Body heating: The heating oil is heated by an electric heating rod, which easily generates scaling in the melt pipe. The pressure and temperature of the spinning positions are controlled to be largely unacceptable, and the unevenness of the sense of unevenness of the original thread bars of each spinning position is large. It is recommended to change to biphenyl steam heating, the temperature of the box is uniform, there is no scaling, the precision of spinning pressure and temperature control is high, and the quality of the raw silk is greatly improved. Spinning hair-blowing and winding oiling: Most of the VD-series product air-blowing devices use outer ring air blower and oiled double-sided single-tank wheel oil. The disadvantages are that the raw wire is wavy and unstable, and it is recommended to change to inner and outer rings. Hair-blowing + center oiling + winding oil tanker oiling or lip oiling, etc., can reduce the phenomenon of silkiness, stiffness, and the fullness of the raw silk, further improving the quality of the raw silk. Drop tube: Most of the VD series equipment use rotary drum falling, its disadvantage is uneven thickness, easy to knot, it is recommended to improve the reciprocating device (vertical movement + traverse) drop wire. Rear drafting machine: VD series equipment originally used long-axis drive, the defect is a single tow ratio, equipment failure rate, high noise, it is recommended to single drive, frequency control, greatly improve the use of equipment effectiveness. Tension heat setting machine: It is recommended that the heat transfer from the early heat transfer oil to steam heating + flashing system, so that the surface temperature of the heating roller more uniform, and the steam reused to the next process, greatly reducing the processing cost of the production of tows.

(7) Where is the competitiveness of China's recycling industry? According to an agency research report, at present, the monthly average wage of employees of Chinese textile manufacturing enterprises is 188 to 300 euros (about 1450-2320 yuan), while Bangladesh only has about 80 euros (about ***620 yuan). Vietnam does not reach 120 euros (about ***930 yuan). China’s average labor cost is more than twice that of Southeast Asia. Phenomenon: Foreign-funded enterprises such as Nike, Adidas and other closed plants in China are shifting their production bases to Southeast Asia.

After years of development in China’s manufacturing industry, the competitiveness of production and exports is not only due to low costs, but also rooted in the complete supporting industrial chain, value chain and industrial system of the manufacturing industry, especially in coastal areas, between industries. The cooperation and internal support within the industry are relatively complete, resulting in the economies of scale, quality and efficient equipment manufacturing, excellent and continuously improving human resources, excellent and continuously improving infrastructure, and high macroeconomic stability brought about by the huge market. Factors such as sex and continuously improving public service efficiency are difficult to establish in some countries in Southeast Asia in the short term, and some factors can maintain their advantages for quite some time. The main business of multinational brands is to manage the brand rather than manufacturing, and the majority of products are from foundries. Phenomenon: A clothing company in Suzhou, after the financial crisis in 2008, the company built a direct factory in Vietnam, but the operation is not smooth, a piece of clothing needs different accessories, such as silk thread, liner, buttons and various mechanical parts. , but it can't be bought in the local market. Second, there are also many problems in customs clearance and exports.

Recycling fiber industry outlook 1. Resources can be used comprehensively. In the late 20th century, with the development of the petrochemical industry, many household goods were replaced by plastic products. However, these plastic products are mostly disposable items such as snack boxes, egg boxes, packing belts, coke bottles, mineral water bottles, and edible oil bottles. , Cosmetics packaging, etc., The current application areas continue to expand, the increasing application of the amount, and these waste plastic waste is not easily degraded, long-term accumulation, the formation of white pollution, flooding, the environment has been severely damaged. The recycled polyester fiber industry is a circular economy industry that is encouraged by the state. Through the recycling of a large amount of polyester (PET) waste, it minimizes the pollution of waste to the domestic environment from the source, and makes the waste resource-based and harmless. Only domestic recycled polyester (PET) waste materials amounted to 3.15 million tons. For example, if a waste mineral water bottle or coke bottle (PET bottle) enters into a recycled polyester fiber production enterprise, its bottle, cap, and plastic label paper are all decomposed and used, and the bottle and bottle are cleaned during production. Wastewater from the pellets is reused through the sewage treatment process in more than 90-95% of the wastewater.

2. Outstanding social benefits. Recycled polyester fiber industry through the production, processing and use of polyester waste materials, resulting in social benefits greater than the company's economic benefits. The first is to solve the employment of millions of people. Only recycling and cleaning industry will solve the employment of about 450,000 people, and the recycling of chemical fiber processing companies will reach about 300,000 people. At the same time, the recycled chemical fiber industry will directly bring about the employment of about 800,000 people in relevant industries. The second is that the recycling chemical fiber industry directly provides the country with a large amount of taxes each year, and exports foreign exchange. The third is to save oil resources. The production of recycled polyester staple fiber using PET waste bottle tablets can save 6 tons of standard coal processing energy consumption per ton of raw material compared with the use of petroleum resources to manufacture PET slices. The fourth is to reduce white pollution, clean and beautify the environment, and increase the effective supply of social products through the production and processing of waste materials. At the same time, the development of the recycled polyester fiber industry has directly promoted and promoted the development of related industries (such as recycling, international trade, logistics, textile machinery, auxiliary materials, etc.).

3. Establish a large-scale demonstration park to promote the recycling industry in the country to form several industrial clusters of waste plastics and waste textiles. Leading enterprise cultivation: Cultivate enterprises with complete sets of processing equipment and industrialized production capabilities, form a complete industrial chain for sorting, cleaning (disinfection), processing, resource utilization, and harmless treatment, and encourage waste plastics and waste textiles comprehensive utilization enterprises. Professionalization, scale, intensive, high-quality, high-efficiency, harmless, and confined development, and promote the advanced experience of leading enterprises throughout the country. Demonstration park and base construction: Establish several demonstration parks or bases for waste plastics and textiles comprehensive utilization in key regions of the country. For example, in Shandong, a trial zone for Bohai Sea circulation was set up. Jiangyin, Jiangsu Province, established a pilot park for comprehensive utilization of second-hand clothing. Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province, established a demonstration park for high-value recycling and recycling. Cangnan, Zhejiang Province, established a large-scale harmless recyclable industrialization park. Guangdong established waste plastics in eastern Guangdong. The comprehensive R&D industrial base for waste textiles was established in Jinjiang, Fujian Province, and a comprehensive pilot for recycling was established to form a complete industrial chain of comprehensive utilization of waste textiles for recycling-transportation-sorting-utilization-sales.

4. Total industrial goals. By 2020, China's renewable polyester industry will have a capacity of 10 million tons, a production of 7.6 million tons, and an output value of 150 billion yuan. The production capacity of regenerated staple fiber is 7.5 to 8 million tons, the output is 6 million tons, and the re-growth capacity will reach 200 to 2.5 million tons, and the output will be 1.6 million tons.

5. Product structure goals. By 2015, the product structure of China's recycled polyester industry will continue to be optimized, and its application areas will continue to expand. The proportion of high-tech and functional recycled fiber output will be greatly increased, and the content of differentiated recycled fibers will become more abundant, becoming the leading force in China's chemical fiber industry.

6. Technological innovation goals. By 2015, China's renewable polyester industry will have 10 technology centers at or above the provincial level, and more than 30 enterprise technical centers at or above the municipal level. The investment in research and development costs accounted for more than 1% of sales revenue, and the output value rate of new products reached more than 25%. The independent innovation capability of key enterprises was further enhanced.

7. Brands create goals. By 2015, China's renewable polyester industry will increase the number of well-known Chinese trademarks, provincial-level well-known trademarks, and municipal-level well-known trademarks by 5, 20, and 50, respectively, and the output value of brands above the municipal level will reach more than 60%. Regional brands have further launched, and the number of regional brands can reach more than 10.

8. Industrial efficiency goals. By 2015, the economic benefits of China's recycled polyester industry will be greatly improved; through the transformation of energy-saving technologies, the comprehensive energy consumption per million yuan will be further reduced by 10%, the three wastes will be further reduced, and the reuse rate of reclaimed water will reach over 90%; The productivity will be further increased, and will be increased from 1 million yuan/person in 2010 to 1.1 million yuan/person in 2015, and will reach 1.2 million yuan/person in 2020.

9. Vision and vision. By 2020, China's recycled polyester industry will develop into an industrial cluster dominated by differentiated products, complete industrial chain, advanced enterprise equipment, reasonable industrial layout, and strong independent innovation capability. The industrial innovation system is relatively complete, and industry characteristics The comparative advantage has become more prominent and has become a typical demonstration industry for the transformation of China's traditional industries and the development of domestic recycling economy.

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